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02.05.2021

Published
15.04.2021

Contacts
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Published
13.02.2018

About TRANS-HOLDING company
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Published
26.01.2018

Delivery of cargoes from Europe
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Published
16.01.2018

Job
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Published
07.12.2017

Consolidated delivery of goods
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Published
07.12.2017

Classification of international transportations
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Published
07.12.2017

Causes of cargo damage
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Published
09.10.2017

Packing for combined freights
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Published
09.10.2017

Features of transportation of goods depending on classification
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Published
09.10.2017

Delivery of machines from China, Europe, the USA
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Published
09.10.2017

The process of terminal handling of cargo.
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Published
09.10.2017

How to transport your goods as a preload (after loading)?
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Published
28.07.2017

General cargoes
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Published
12.07.2017

Customs clearance of goods with trans-HOLDING
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Published
24.12.2016

custom Analysis
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Helpful information

For the first time in history, the price of sea freight exceeded the cost of transportation by rail

The cost of delivering goods in containers between Asia and Europe by rail for the first time fell below the cost of shipping by sea. Now transportation by sea from China to European ports costs $ 4.95 thousand for 1 FEU (40-foot container), and by rail on the same route - $ 2.67 thousand.

Transportation cost forecast is traditionally based on two indices: ERAI (Eurasian Rail Alliance Index) and WCI Drewry (World Container Index). The ERAI index shows the weighted average cost of transportation of 1 FEU along all routes of the "PRC border - EU border" corridor operated by United Transport and Logistics Company - Eurasian Railroad Alliance JSC (UTLC ERA). The international analytical agency Drewry (creator of the WCI - the world container index) calculates its index based on the rates of 7-9 shipping companies, calculates the arithmetic average for this data pool. For the first time, ERAI dropped below WCI Drewry in November 2020. Since then, the gap between the indices has become a stable trend, which has been continuing for four months. The maximum price for transportation by sea was recorded in January of this year (it amounted to $ 5.26 thousand with the ERAI index of $ 2.67 thousand).

According to Oleksiy Grom, CEO of UTLC ERA, in 2020 and early 2021, the traditional role of rail transport as an addition to maritime transport in global supply chains has changed. Shippers have begun to show greater interest in land border crossings and rail transport, including against the backdrop of rising rates for traditional sea transportation and unchanged railway tariffs since 2019. "Railroad transportation proved to be the least susceptible to restrictions, having shown reliability in the most difficult periods of the pandemic and having established itself as an uninterrupted service for the delivery of goods from China to Europe and vice versa. This ensured an increase in requests for transportation. New customers appeared, the range of goods expanded. points of origin and absorption of freight traffic in China and Europe on the route map of UTLC ERA services, "Aleksey Grom told Gudku.

UTLC ERA records an increase in requests for transportation and, as a result, an increase in traffic volumes since April 2020 at the level of 60%. In the first quarter of 2021 alone, 154.9 thousand TEUs were transported in the company's services, which is 105% more than in the same period in 2020, when 75.7 thousand TEUs were transported. More than 2 thousand trains have been dispatched since the beginning of the year.

"By the end of the year, we expect the volume of at least 630 thousand TEUs in the services of UTLC ERA. Together with shareholders and partners, we also plan to create a reserve for future growth by the end of 2021," said Alexey Grom.

According to the participants in the transportation process, the collapse that occurred on the Suez Canal at the end of March became an additional argument in favor of transit by rail.

"At the beginning of 2021, the freight rate on the Asia-Europe route increased more than 2.5 times. As a result, there was a crossflow of routes, which we are undoubtedly happy about, as a result of which we increased the share of the Far East in the export flow of containers from the Suez Canal. nine times, - noted Arkady Korostelev, President of the FESCO Transport Group. - For the development of our services in the future, we consider it important to extend the subsidy program for transit traffic through Vladivostok. Such support will increase transit volumes through Russia by switching routes from the Suez Canal. "

According to FESCO, in 2021 the volume of traffic in this segment will grow by 12%, by 10% - in 2022, in the future the growth rate will slightly slow down and will be 6-7% in 2022-2023.

“The main competitive advantages of the railway are the same - speed, reliability, safety, price. If we add to them the environmental safety of railway transport, we get an ideal combination that will significantly increase the loyalty of a modern cargo owner to transportation along transit corridors of 1520 mm gauge”, summed up Alexey Grom.

As Gudok previously reported, in the first quarter of 2021, container shipments in the China - Europe - China route through the infrastructure of Russian Railways increased by 2.2 times compared to the same period last year, to 162.6 thousand TEUs. Including the transportation of loaded containers increased 2.1 times, up to 151.5 thousand TEU (about 1.2 million tons were transported, an increase of 2.7 times). At the same time, transit from China to Europe has grown since the beginning of the year by 2.1 times, to 105.8 thousand TEU, from Europe to China - 2.3 times, to 56.8 thousand TEU.

gudok.ru